Hemorrhoids or Piles is a condition manifested in the rectum or anus.  When the blood vessels located inside the anal canal become swollen and twisted, they are called internal hemorrhoids.  When the inflammation occurs around the opening of the anus it causes external hemorrhoids.  Both can occur at the same time but usually the external infection leads to the internal one.

Common signs of a hemorrhoid infection

  • Bleeding while having a bowel movement. This is observed as bright red blood stains on the toilet paper.  This happens as the stool is squeezed through the anal opening when straining to evacuate.
  • Itching around the anal area. During the initial stages of the infection, it is quite common to experience itching and mild discomfort.  The symptoms becomes more intense as the condition evolves.
  • Rectal pain when cleansing. The pain intensifies and is unbearable to the slightest touch in the area around the anus.
  • Difficulty in passing stool. The bulge of the inflated veins, the intense pain and the irritation in the anal area prevent a smooth bowel movement and muscle function.
  • Leakage of feces. The infection leads to muscle failure in the surrounding anal area.

Symptoms of Internal Hemorrhoids

  • Blood stains on the toilet paper after having a regular bowel movement. Blood may also be present around the surface of the stool.
  • Sagging veins that swell out of the anus.
  • Feeling of passing stool even after having a bowel movement: This is due to a bulging hemorrhoid at the end of the the large intestine.
  • Mucus on tissue paper when passing stool and intense pain: When the blood supply is cut off, an acute level of pain is experienced. This is normally referred to as a strangulated hemorrhoid and requires emergency medical treatment.

Symptoms of External Hemorrhoids

  • Skin irritation and itchiness, particularly around the anal region.
  • Clotting forming a lump under the skin referred as a clotted or thrombosed hemorrhoid.
  • Discomfort while sitting: Because of the constant sensation of pain in the anal area, hemorrhoid sufferers avoid sitting for prolonged periods.
  • Changes in behavior: An individual may change their posture, walking style and socialization manners once affected by this condition.